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non-chronology of modern and postmodern concepts and ideas about art and networks'

* recent changes in the concepts or understanding of what is a network.

Network visualisation, or network images, understood as the representation of ‘cultural dynamics,’ rely on two foundations: the instrumental use of language (grounded in traditional logic) and different forms of network topologies.

This double foundation was unthinkable in the mechanised world, since such a picture had always to be in order and finite.

The shift from the mechanisation of the world picture to the networkisation indicated by the computational turn implies a renewed intuition of the world (Weltanschaung).

The mechanisation of the world.. Lewis Mumford: Technics and Civilization. New York: Harcourt, 1934. (Technika a civilizace, Práce, 1947). “The way society uses machines and the manner in which it creates them is deeply influenced by capitalism, however, the machines themselves are not innately capitalist. Machines then, are not the issue in damaging society's social welfare; Humans and capitalist influences create a harmful environment with the use of machines. To Mumford, this machine-based capitalism is damaging to individuality and a good quality of life”

Metaphores of the Weltanschaung.

* 'rhizome' oddenek - the concept was inspired by the works of Gregory Bateson, structures of Ecology of Mind. Mysl a příroda - Nezbytná jednota.

Deleuze and Guattari, A Thousand Plateaus, new organisational structure against trees and taxonomies. The rhizome is at the same time a smooth plane which belongs to the nomads, who demand non hierarchical structure, speed and acceleration. creating more hubs and links.. Umwelt, complex systems

* tree - root, stromová struktura, Newton, Darwin, genealogie,

'visualisation of networks'


Albert-Laszlo Barabasi

Teorie sítí zkoumá zákonitosti sítí, nejen počítačových, ale např. sociálních, a v podstatě všech komplexních struktur, které lze na síť převést. Matematicky vychází z teorie grafů, založené matematikem Leonhardem Eulerem. Základními pojmy grafu je uzel (node) a hrana (link), která propojuje dva uzly.Teorii rozšířili Pál Erdős a Afred Rényi na náhodné grafy a odtud bylo již blízko k aplikaci ve společenských vědách a mapování sociálních sítí (Mark Granovetter - přišel mimo jiné i se známým zjištěním, že od kteréhokoliv obyvatele planety nás dělí jen šest vazeb).

První analýzy webu jako sítě provedl tým pod vedením Albert-László Barabásiho. V distribuci vazeb zjistil překvapivé souvislosti s mocninovými jevy, které do té doby motaly hlavy fyzikům. Do žádné z dosavadních typů sítí se web nehodil a tak byl popsán jako bezškálová síť.

* 'Networks as aesthetic programs'

Artwork versus Network

Nicolas Bourriaud, recent text Altermodern (2009) “but what is a network? A connected chain of distinct elements in time or space. Various materials can serve as a ‘glue’ to hold the component elements together, yet one of them today assumes a particular importance: story telling.

The Altermodern is “a positive experience of disorientation through an art-form exploring all dimensions of the present, tracing lines in all directions of time and space.” Altermodern history is a disorientation of the present. The term disorientation deserves our attention. It is not a fault–the sublimation of the forgetting, as Heidegger says–but the default of the origin of global culture.

Nicolas Bourriaud, Altermodern: Tate Triennial (London: Tate Gallery, 2009).

utopia of networking and telepresence - Roy Ascott: A Glossary list of terms coined by R.A. 1996


* 'Fluxus': 40 years of, Ken Friedman, 2002

* Ethernal Network - Robert Fillou and George Brecht, 1968

dystopia of the future of globalized, networked, controlled society

* 'Das Netz', Lutz Dammbeck


* 'Ray Johnson' and the Mail Art Network - The New York Corresondance School [interview with Ray Johnson]

* Wolfgang Staehle, artist and founder of 'The Thing BBS'

* 'nettime' since 1995

* 'The WELL', launched in 1985 as the Whole Earth 'Lectronic Link, provides a literate watering hole for some articulate and unpretentious thinkers. [more about The WELL…]

* []

'Example's of 'Network behaviours * 'Hakim Bey's Temporary Autonomous Zone' * 'Netochka Nezvanova' is the pseudonym used by the author(s) of nato.0+55+3d, a real-time, modular, video and multi-media processing environment. Alternate aliases include “=cw4t7abs”, “punktprotokol”, “0f0003”, “maschinenkunst” (preferably spelled “m2zk!n3nkunzt”), “integer”, and “antiorp”. The name itself is adopted from the main character of Fyodor Dostoevski's first novel Netochka Nezvanova (1849) and translates appropriately as “nameless nobody.” [1] * 'The Critical Mass Bicycle Rides' * '' and their work in organizing: 'Networked Performance:' Any of a number of approaches to performance that incorporates computer networks (the internet, wireless, telephone, or other) or a combination of networks in the creation or distribution of a work. Works may be any mode, format or combination, such as synchronous, asynchronous, ongoing or fixed duration, distributed, local, etc. 'Distributed Performance:' Music/Theater/Dance/Cinema. Occurs simultaneously in multiple locations via networked interaction. Physically dispersed participants coming together through the network. For example, the performers in two or more locations play to audiences in their performance spaces and simultaneously to worldwide Internet audiences by means of especially created websites. 'Collective Net Performance:' A network-enabled performance in which a group collectively activates or participates simultaneously in the performance experience. Can be local or distributed. * 'The Surveillance Camera Players' * 'Muntadas' File Room''' project on censorship

network.txt · Last modified: 2020/05/13 14:21 by eric-rosenzveig