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lewis_mumford [2018/03/19 16:45] (current)
milos-vojtechovsky created
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 +Biotechnics
  
 +Mumford describes an organic model of technology, or biotechnics,​ as a contrast to megatechnics. Organic systems direct themselves to "​qualitative richness, amplitude, spaciousness,​ and freedom from quantitative pressures and crowding. Self-regulation,​ self-correction,​ and self-propulsion are as much an integral property of organisms as nutrition, reproduction,​ growth, and repair."​ Biotechnics models life in seeking balance, wholeness, and completeness.
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 +Polytechnics versus monotechnics
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 +A key idea, introduced in Technics and Civilization (1934) was that technology was twofold:
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 +Polytechnic,​ which enlists many different modes of technology, providing a complex framework to solve human problems.
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 +Monotechnic which is technology only for its own sake, which oppresses humanity as it moves along its own trajectory.
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 +Mumford commonly criticized modern America'​s transportation networks as being '​monotechnic'​ in their reliance on cars. Automobiles become obstacles for other modes of transportation,​ such as walking, bicycle and public transit, because the roads they use consume so much space and are such a danger to people. Mumford explains that the thousands of maimed and dead each year as a result of automobile accidents are a "​ritual sacrifice"​ the American society makes because of its extreme reliance on highway transport.
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 +links:
 +Lewis Mumford:​Public Intelectual
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 +[[http://​web.mit.edu/​~rhwill/​www/​MumfordEssay2.pdf]]
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 +[[http://​www.primitivism.com/​mumford.htm]]
lewis_mumford.txt · Last modified: 2018/03/19 16:45 by milos-vojtechovsky