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kinetic_light_art_and_sculpture [2017/10/04 14:29]
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kinetic_light_art_and_sculpture [2018/01/08 12:49] (current)
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-This lecture covers the survey of history of the elements of light and movement in popular and avantgarde art.+**dějiny využití světla a pohybu 
 +evropská avantgarda.**
  
-intro: Poslední stroj, BBC 
  
-The Last Machine is a documentary series about the early period of cinema. It is based on the book "The Last MachineEarly Cinema and the Birth of the Modern World" by Ian Christie. Hosted by Terry Gilliam, it was broadcasted on BBC2 from January to February 1995.+otázky:
  
-[1] The Last Machine ​1+1. proč jsou pohyb a světlo ve výtvarém umění důležité pro vznik "​nových médií?"​ 
 +2.co je futurismus a kde vznikal 
 + 
 +3.jaký má vztah futurismus pro rozvoj poválečné avantagardy a umění nových médií od padesátých let? 
 + 
 +(hlavní představitelé:​ Marinetti, Balla, Corra, Rusollo) 
 + 
 + 
 +text: 
 + 
 +https://​monoskop.org/​File:​Moholy-Nagy_Laszlo_The_New_Vision_and_Abstract_of_an_Artist.pdf 
 + 
 + 
 +další umělci: 
 +1.Marcel Duchamp 
 + 
 +2. Laszlo Moholy Nagy 
 + 
 +3. Zdeněk Pešánek 
 + 
 +4. Gyorgy Kepes 
 + 
 +5. Frank Malina 
 + 
 +6. Otto Piene
  
  
Line 21: Line 45:
 7 More resources 7 More resources
 8 More artists 8 More artists
-[editovat] Futurism and new media (1901-1919) 
  
-[editovat] ​Manifestos of Futurism+Futurism a nová média (1901-1919) 
 + 
 +**Manifestos of Futurism**
  
 Futurist Manifesto, F. T. Marinetti, 1909 Futurist Manifesto, F. T. Marinetti, 1909
 Suddenly we jumped, hearing the mighty noise of the huge double-decker trams that rumbled by outside, ablaze with colored lights... Suddenly we jumped, hearing the mighty noise of the huge double-decker trams that rumbled by outside, ablaze with colored lights...
-We intend to sing the love of danger, the habit of energy and fearlessness + 
-Except in struggle, there is no more beauty. No work without an aggressive character can be a masterpiece. Poetry must be conceived as a violent attack on unknown forces, to reduce and prostrate them before man. +We intend to sing the love of danger, the habit of energy and fearlessnessExcept in struggle, there is no more beauty. No work without an aggressive character can be a masterpiece. Poetry must be conceived as a violent attack on unknown forces, to reduce and prostrate them before man. 
-We will glorify war—the world’s only hygiene—militarism,​ patriotism, the destructive gesture of freedom-bringers,​ beautiful ideas worth dying for, and scorn for woman. + 
-We will destroy the museums, libraries, academies of every kind, will fight moralism, feminism, every opportunistic or utilitarian cowardice.+We will glorify war—the world’s only hygiene—militarism,​ patriotism, the destructive gesture of freedom-bringers,​ beautiful ideas worth dying for, and scorn for woman. We will destroy the museums, libraries, academies of every kind, will fight moralism, feminism, every opportunistic or utilitarian cowardice. 
 Technical Manifesto of Futurist Painting, Umberto Boccioni, Carlo Carrà, Luigi Russolo, Giacomo Balla, Gino Severini, 1910 Technical Manifesto of Futurist Painting, Umberto Boccioni, Carlo Carrà, Luigi Russolo, Giacomo Balla, Gino Severini, 1910
 +
 That all forms of imitation must be despised, all forms of originality glorified. That all forms of imitation must be despised, all forms of originality glorified.
 +
 That it is essential to rebel against the tyranny of the terms “harmony” and “good taste” as being too elastic expressions,​ by the help of which it is easy to demolish the works of Rembrandt, of Goya and of Rodin. That it is essential to rebel against the tyranny of the terms “harmony” and “good taste” as being too elastic expressions,​ by the help of which it is easy to demolish the works of Rembrandt, of Goya and of Rodin.
 +
 That universal dynamism must be rendered in painting as a dynamic sensation. That universal dynamism must be rendered in painting as a dynamic sensation.
 +
 That movement and light destroy the materiality of bodies. That movement and light destroy the materiality of bodies.
 +
 We demand, for ten years, the total suppression of the nude in painting. We demand, for ten years, the total suppression of the nude in painting.
-The Art of Noises, Luigi Russolo, 1913 + 
-Musical evolution is paralleled by the multipication ​of machines+**The Art of Noises, Luigi Russolo**, 1913 
 + 
 +Musical evolution is paralleled by the multiplication ​of machines 
 Music developed towards the most complex polyphony and the maximum variety, seeking the most complicated successions of dissonant chords and vaguely preparing the creation of musical noise Music developed towards the most complex polyphony and the maximum variety, seeking the most complicated successions of dissonant chords and vaguely preparing the creation of musical noise
 +
 The variety of noises is infinite. If today, when we have perhaps a thousand different machines, we can distinguish a thousand different noises, tomorrow, as new machines multiply, we will be able to distinguish ten, twenty, or thirty thousand different noises, not merely in a simply imitative way, but to combine them according to our imagination. The variety of noises is infinite. If today, when we have perhaps a thousand different machines, we can distinguish a thousand different noises, tomorrow, as new machines multiply, we will be able to distinguish ten, twenty, or thirty thousand different noises, not merely in a simply imitative way, but to combine them according to our imagination.
-[2] Luigi Russolo - Veglio Di Una Città + 
-The Futurist Cinema, F. T. Marinetti, Bruno Corra, Emilio Settimelli, Arnaldo Ginna, Giacomo Balla, Remo Chiti, 1916+[2] **Luigi Russolo - Veglio Di Una Città** 
 + 
 +**The Futurist Cinema, ​ 
 +F. T. Marinetti, ​ 
 +Bruno Corra, ​ 
 +Emilio Settimelli, ​ 
 +Arnaldo Ginna, ​ 
 +Giacomo Balla, ​ 
 +Remo Chiti**, 1916 
 Cinematic analogies that use reality directly as one of the two elements of the analogy Cinematic analogies that use reality directly as one of the two elements of the analogy
-Cinematic simultaneity and interpenetration of different times and places. We shall project two or three different visual episodes at the same time, one next to the other+ 
 +Cinematic simultaneity and interpenetration of different times and places. We shall project two or three different ​ 
 +visual episodes at the same time, one next to the other 
 Filmed unreal reconstructions of the human body. Filmed unreal reconstructions of the human body.
 +
 On-line resources: http://​www.unknown.nu/​futurism On-line resources: http://​www.unknown.nu/​futurism
 [3] [3]
-[editovat] Major Works 
  
-Painting and Sculpture +**Major Works** 
-Giacomo Balla: Dog on Leash (1912) + 
-Giacomo Balla: Girl in the Balcony (1912) +**Painting and Sculpture** 
-Umberto Boccioni: Unique Forms of Continuity in Space (1913) + 
-Giacomo Balla: Study of Materiality of Lights and Speed (1913) +//Giacomo Balla: Dog on Leash// (1912) 
-Umberto Boccioni: States of Mind: The Farewells (1911) + 
-Luigi Russolo: Dynamism of a Car (1912) +//Giacomo Balla: Girl in the Balcony// (1912) 
-Film + 
-Bruno Corra: Abstract Cinema - Chromatic Music (1912) [4]+//Umberto Boccioni: Unique Forms of Continuity in Space// (1913) 
 + 
 +//Giacomo Balla: Study of Materiality of Lights and Speed// (1913) 
 + 
 +//Umberto Boccioni: States of Mind: The Farewells// (1911) 
 + 
 +//Luigi Russolo: Dynamism of a Car// (1912) 
 + 
 +**Film** 
 Arnaldo Ginna, Lucio Venna: Vita futurista (1916) Arnaldo Ginna, Lucio Venna: Vita futurista (1916)
 +
 Anton Giulio Bragaglia: Thaïs (1917) Anton Giulio Bragaglia: Thaïs (1917)
 Sound and music Sound and music
 +
 Luigi Russolo: Art of noise (1913) [5] Luigi Russolo: Art of noise (1913) [5]
-[editovat] Marcel Duchamp (1887–1968):​ Vision, motion and new forms of art+¨ 
 +[editovat] ​**Marcel Duchamp** (1887–1968):​ Vision, motion and new forms of art
  
 Key concepts: Key concepts:
 +
 Motion and time in painting Motion and time in painting
 +
 Criticism of retinal art Criticism of retinal art
-Ready made+ 
 +Ready-made 
 Technology and machinery as a part of artistic language Technology and machinery as a part of artistic language
 +
 Op-art, kinetic objects and film Op-art, kinetic objects and film
-Major works+ 
 +**Major works** 
 Nude Descending a Staircase (1st and 2nd version, 1911-12) Nude Descending a Staircase (1st and 2nd version, 1911-12)
 +
 Bottle dryer (1914) Bottle dryer (1914)
 +
 The Large Glass (1915-192) The Large Glass (1915-192)
 +
 Rotoreliefs (1926) Rotoreliefs (1926)
 +
 Anemic cinema (1926) Rrose Sélavy Anemic cinema (1926) Rrose Sélavy
 +
 [6] [6]
 +
 [7] [7]
 +
 Reading Reading
-Calvin Tomkins - Duchamp: A Biography (1996) + 
-Stanislav Ulver - Západní filmová ​avantgarda ​(1991)+//Calvin Tomkins - Duchamp: A Biography// (1996) 
 + 
 +//Stanislav Ulver - Západní filmová ​avant-garde// ​(1991) 
 On-line resources [8] dada-companion.com On-line resources [8] dada-companion.com
-[editovat] ​Bauhaus (1919-1933):​ Art, craft and technology+ 
 +Bauhaus (1919-1933):​ Art, craft and technology
  
 School of art, craft and technology founded by Walter Gropius. School of art, craft and technology founded by Walter Gropius.
 Weimar, Dessau (1919-1933) Weimar, Dessau (1919-1933)
 +
 Utopian craft guild combining architecture,​ sculpture, and painting into a single creative expression Utopian craft guild combining architecture,​ sculpture, and painting into a single creative expression
-Important figures: Wassily Kandinsky, Josef Albers, Paul Klee, Lazslo ​Moholy-Nagy+Important figures: Wassily Kandinsky, Josef Albers, Paul Klee, Laszlo ​Moholy-Nagy 
 On-line resources [9] On-line resources [9]
-[editovat] ​Ludwig Hirschfeld Mack (1893-1965)+ 
 +Ludwig Hirschfeld Mack (1893-1965)
  
 Bauhaus student since 1919 Bauhaus student since 1919
 +
 Color music, light design, light and colour modulator Color music, light design, light and colour modulator
 +
 Light performances and works with Kurt Schwerdtfeger Light performances and works with Kurt Schwerdtfeger
 +
 Major works Major works
 +
 Farbenlichtspiele (1923) Farbenlichtspiele (1923)
 +
 Optical disc (1924) Optical disc (1924)
 +
 Reading Reading
 On-line resources [10] On-line resources [10]
-[editovat] ​László Moholy-Nagy (1895-1946)+ 
 +**László Moholy-Nagy** (1895-1946)
  
 Influence of constructivism Influence of constructivism
-Rejection of cubism and tradional ​art+ 
 +Rejection of cubism and traditional ​art 
 Bauhaus teacher (1923-1928) Bauhaus teacher (1923-1928)
 +
 Telephone paintings (1922) Telephone paintings (1922)
 +
 Photography as a new way of seeing the world that the human eye could not Photography as a new way of seeing the world that the human eye could not
 +
 Photograms Photograms
 +
 Machinery and beauty Machinery and beauty
-USA since 1937, Institute ​od design+ 
 +USA since 1937, Institute ​of Design in Chicago, New Bauhaus 
 Major works Major works
 +
 Light space modulator (1925-30) [11] Light space modulator (1925-30) [11]
-https://​youtu.be/​AMODHy0hauo+ 
 +[[https://​youtu.be/​AMODHy0hauo]] 
 Lightplay – Black, White, Gray (1932) [12] Lightplay – Black, White, Gray (1932) [12]
-https://​youtu.be/​e0x730uP2yI?​list=RDe0x730uP2yI+[[https://​youtu.be/​e0x730uP2yI?​list=RDe0x730uP2yI 
 +]] 
 Reading Reading
-Laszlo Moholy-Nagy Foundation ​[13]+Laszlo Moholy-Nagy Foundation
 Stanislav Ulver - Západní filmová avantgarda (1991) Stanislav Ulver - Západní filmová avantgarda (1991)
 Laszlo Moholy-Nagy at Monoskop [14] Laszlo Moholy-Nagy at Monoskop [14]
 Vision in Motion Vision in Motion
-[editovat] ​Zdeněk Pešánek (1896-1965)+ 
 +**Zdeněk Pešánek** (1896-1965)
  
 Born in Kutná Hora, Central Bohemia Born in Kutná Hora, Central Bohemia
 +
 Studied sculpture and architecture with Jan Štursa Studied sculpture and architecture with Jan Štursa
-Avantgarde after war, art, science and machinery as utopy for a new society+ 
 +Avantgarde after war, art, science and machinery as utopia ​for a new society 
 Monumental forms, contradiction of modernity and tradition Monumental forms, contradiction of modernity and tradition
 +
 Light and kinetic sculpture - light as matter Light and kinetic sculpture - light as matter
 +
 City as artefact, light urbanism (Devětsil manifesto of poetism, 1922) City as artefact, light urbanism (Devětsil manifesto of poetism, 1922)
-First use of neon and fiberglass ​in sculpture in 1920s + 
-Light advertisment ​since mid 20s+First use of neon and fibreglass ​in sculpture in 1920s 
 + 
 +Light advertisement ​since mid20s 
 Rejection of films and Kinetism (1920s, 1940) Rejection of films and Kinetism (1920s, 1940)
 +
 First exhibition, UMPRUM, 1936 First exhibition, UMPRUM, 1936
 +
 World Exhibition in Paris, 1937 World Exhibition in Paris, 1937
 +
 Major works Major works
-Edison ​transfomer ​station, Jeruzalémská st. (1926-29) + 
-Light, neon and sculptures as advertisments, mid 30s+Edison ​transformer ​station, Jeruzalémská st. (1926-29) 
 + 
 +Light, neon and sculptures as advertisements, mid 30s
 100 years of electricity (1936) 100 years of electricity (1936)
 Spa Fountain (1936) Spa Fountain (1936)
-Light sculptures, male and female torsos (1930s)+Light sculptures, male and female torsos (the 1930s)
 Sculpture for the main entrance of the Electric Company of the City of Prague (1936) Sculpture for the main entrance of the Electric Company of the City of Prague (1936)
 +
 Reading and resources Reading and resources
 +
 Light penetrates the darkness (Světlo proniká tmou, Otakar Vávra, 1931) [15] Light penetrates the darkness (Světlo proniká tmou, Otakar Vávra, 1931) [15]
 +
 Zdeněk Pešánek: Kinetismus (1940) [16] Zdeněk Pešánek: Kinetismus (1940) [16]
 +
 Zdeněk Pešánek: Kinetismus [17] Zdeněk Pešánek: Kinetismus [17]
 +
 On-line biography and bibliography at Monoskop [18] On-line biography and bibliography at Monoskop [18]
  
-== Franciszka and Stefan Themerson ​== (1910–1988) ​farmacia ​1930 +**Franciszka and Stefan Themerson** (1910–1988) ​ 
-* https://​youtu.be/​nwU1wscVURY +Farmacia ​1930 
-[editovat] Len Lye (1901-1980)+[[https://​youtu.be/​nwU1wscVURY]
 + 
 +**Len Lye** (1901-1980)
  
 Key concepts: Key concepts:
-Abstract film and new visual forms+Abstract film and new visual forms
 Hand-painted animation Hand-painted animation
-Film and advertisment+Film and advertisement
 Optokinetic sculptures Optokinetic sculptures
 Major Works (Sculpture) Major Works (Sculpture)
Line 165: Line 286:
 Free Radicals (1958) Free Radicals (1958)
 Tusalava [19] Tusalava [19]
 +
 Reading Reading
 Stanislav Ulver - Západní filmová avantgarda (1991) Stanislav Ulver - Západní filmová avantgarda (1991)
 On-line resources [20] On-line resources [20]
-[editovat] Frank Malina (1912-1981) 
  
  
 +[editovat] **Frank Malina** (1912-1981)
  
 Lumidine system Lumidine system
 +
 Born in Texas, lived in Bohemia app 1920-30 Born in Texas, lived in Bohemia app 1920-30
 Scientist-artist-editor-humanist Scientist-artist-editor-humanist
Line 179: Line 302:
 Lunar International Laboratory Lunar International Laboratory
 Founder-Editor of Leonardo Journal Founder-Editor of Leonardo Journal
-New Landscapes, science, technology and extraterestial ​space+New Landscapes, science, technology and extraterrestial ​space 
 Visual art since 1953 Visual art since 1953
 Kinetic light paintings and objects Kinetic light paintings and objects
 +
 Lumidyne System - electric light shining through painted moving and static elements, sometimes with the addition of a diffusing screen (1956) Lumidyne System - electric light shining through painted moving and static elements, sometimes with the addition of a diffusing screen (1956)
 +
 Reflectodyne System - electric light reflected onto moving mirrors or other surfaces reflecting light Reflectodyne System - electric light reflected onto moving mirrors or other surfaces reflecting light
 Polaridyne System - using the special optical effects produced by light passing through polarizing materials Polaridyne System - using the special optical effects produced by light passing through polarizing materials
 Audio-Kinetic System - light and motion paintings and sculpture activated by varying intensities of sound Audio-Kinetic System - light and motion paintings and sculpture activated by varying intensities of sound
 +
 Major works Major works
 +
 Orbit IV Orbit IV
 +
 Stairways to the Stars Stairways to the Stars
 +
 Polaris Polaris
 +
 Cosmos Cosmos
 +
 Kinetic Column Kinetic Column
 * https://​youtu.be/​sl2duqEnBbY * https://​youtu.be/​sl2duqEnBbY
 +
 Resources Resources
 Foundation Langlois [21] Foundation Langlois [21]
Line 200: Line 333:
 Lightart at ZKM [23] Lightart at ZKM [23]
 Kinetic art at Wikipedia [24] Kinetic art at Wikipedia [24]
 +
 Lazslo Moholy Nagy: Vision as Motion (1946) [25] Lazslo Moholy Nagy: Vision as Motion (1946) [25]
 understandingduchamp.com [26] understandingduchamp.com [26]
 +
 Marcel Duchamp: Anemic Cinema (1926) [27] Marcel Duchamp: Anemic Cinema (1926) [27]
 +
 Marcel Duchamp: Rotary Demisphere, 1925 [28] Marcel Duchamp: Rotary Demisphere, 1925 [28]
 +
 Digital Light, edited by Sean Cubitt, Daniel Palmer and Nathaniel Tkacz Digital Light, edited by Sean Cubitt, Daniel Palmer and Nathaniel Tkacz
 [29] [29]
-[editovat] ​More artists+ 
 + 
 +More artists
  
 light light
-Otto Piene 
-http://​www.medienkunstnetz.de/​works/​lichtballett/​ 
  
-Gyorgy Kepes+**Otto Piene** 
 +[[http://​www.medienkunstnetz.de/​works/​lichtballett/​]] 
 + 
 +**Gyorgy Kepes**
 http://​act.mit.edu/​people/​director/​gyorgy-kepes/​ http://​act.mit.edu/​people/​director/​gyorgy-kepes/​
-Nicolas Schoffer+ 
 +**Nicolas Schoffer**
 Luminodynamic [30] Luminodynamic [30]
 cyberneticzoo.com [31] cyberneticzoo.com [31]
 Resources online: [32][33][34] Resources online: [32][33][34]
-Jean Tingueli + 
-Jean Tingueli ​at ubu.com [35]+**Jean Tingueli** 
 +at ubu.com [35]
 http://​www.tinguely.ch/​en/​museum_sammlung/​jean_tinguely.html http://​www.tinguely.ch/​en/​museum_sammlung/​jean_tinguely.html
 http://​www.nytimes.com/​video/​2011/​04/​06/​arts/​design/​100000000761945/​tinguely.html http://​www.nytimes.com/​video/​2011/​04/​06/​arts/​design/​100000000761945/​tinguely.html
 http://​vimeo.com/​16227173 http://​vimeo.com/​16227173
-Robert Irwin+ 
 +**Robert Irwin**
 http://​www2.iim.cz/​wiki/​index.php/​Robert_Irwin http://​www2.iim.cz/​wiki/​index.php/​Robert_Irwin
-Dan Flavin+ 
 +**Dan Flavin**
 http://​www.diaart.org/​sites/​main/​danflavinartinstitute http://​www.diaart.org/​sites/​main/​danflavinartinstitute
  
 movement movement
  
-Jesús Rafael Soto+**Jesús Rafael Soto**
 http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Jesús_Rafael_Soto http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Jesús_Rafael_Soto
 http://​www.youtube.com/​watch?​v=FCVtcjvvTxs http://​www.youtube.com/​watch?​v=FCVtcjvvTxs
-George Rickey+ 
 +**George Rickey**
 http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​George_Rickey http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​George_Rickey
 http://​www.youtube.com/​watch?​v=mmqwrftZgTQ http://​www.youtube.com/​watch?​v=mmqwrftZgTQ
 http://​www.youtube.com/​watch?​v=hKsbxoLtveU http://​www.youtube.com/​watch?​v=hKsbxoLtveU
-Joe Gilbertson+ 
 +**Joe Gilbertson**
 http://​jasonkrugman.wordpress.com/​2009/​01/​20/​kinetic-sculpture-by-joe-gilbertson http://​jasonkrugman.wordpress.com/​2009/​01/​20/​kinetic-sculpture-by-joe-gilbertson
-Geoffrey Smedley+ 
 +**Geoffrey Smedley**
 http://​www.geoffreysmedley.com/#​!media/​c13co http://​www.geoffreysmedley.com/#​!media/​c13co
-Roman Signer+ 
 +**Roman Signer**
 http://​www.romansigner.ch http://​www.romansigner.ch
 http://​vimeo.com/​32083693 http://​vimeo.com/​32083693
-Paul Friedlander+ 
 +**Paul Friedlander**
 https://​youtu.be/​hTdZnZaJjoA https://​youtu.be/​hTdZnZaJjoA
-Theo Jansen+** 
 +Theo Jansen**
 http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Theo_Jansen http://​en.wikipedia.org/​wiki/​Theo_Jansen
 http://​www.ted.com/​talks/​theo_jansen_creates_new_creatures.html http://​www.ted.com/​talks/​theo_jansen_creates_new_creatures.html
-Zimoun+ 
 +**Zimoun**
 http://​www.zimoun.ch http://​www.zimoun.ch
-Olafur Eliasson+ 
 +**Olafur Eliasson**
 http://​www.olafureliasson.net/​ http://​www.olafureliasson.net/​
-Pe Lang+ 
 +**Pe Lang**
 http://​www.pelang.ch/​works.html http://​www.pelang.ch/​works.html
-Atilla Csorgo+ 
 +**Atilla Csorgo**
 http://​www.c3.hu/​~acsorgo/​ http://​www.c3.hu/​~acsorgo/​
 http://​video.mit.edu/​watch/​attila-csorgo-turning-out-the-space-7801 http://​video.mit.edu/​watch/​attila-csorgo-turning-out-the-space-7801
-David Bowen+ 
 +**David Bowen**
 http://​www.dwbowen.com http://​www.dwbowen.com
  
kinetic_light_art_and_sculpture.1507120144.txt.gz · Last modified: 2017/10/04 14:29 by milos-vojtechovsky